SQL IN Operator

SQL IN Operator : SQL IN operator allows you to specify multiple values in a WHERE clause.

  • The IN operator is a shorthand for multiple OR conditions.

IN Syntax

SELECT column_name(s)
FROM table_name
WHERE column_name IN (value1, value2, …);

or:

SELECT column_name(s)
FROM table_name
WHERE column_name IN (SELECT STATEMENT);

Demo Database

Below is a selection from the “Customers” table in the Northwind sample database:

CustomerID CustomerName ContactName Address City PostalCode Country
1 Alfreds Futterkiste Maria Anders Obere Str. 57 Berlin 12209 Germany
2 Ana Trujillo Emparedados y helados Ana Trujillo Avda. de la Constitución 2222 México D.F. 05021 Mexico
3 Antonio Moreno Taquería Antonio Moreno Mataderos 2312 México D.F. 05023 Mexico
4 Around the Horn Thomas Hardy 120 Hanover Sq. London WA1 1DP UK
5 Berglunds snabbköp Christina Berglund Berguvsvägen 8 Luleå S-958 22 Sweden

 

IN Operator Examples

The following SQL statement selects all customers that are located in “Germany”, “France” and “UK”:

Example

SELECT * FROM Customers
WHERE Country IN (‘Germany’, ‘France’, ‘UK’);

output

Number of Records: 29

CustomerID CustomerName ContactName Address City PostalCode Country
1 Alfreds Futterkiste Maria Anders Obere Str. 57 Berlin 12209 Germany
4 Around the Horn Thomas Hardy 120 Hanover Sq. London WA1 1DP UK
6 Blauer See Delikatessen Hanna Moos Forsterstr. 57 Mannheim 68306 Germany
7 Blondel père et fils Frédérique Citeaux 24, place Kléber Strasbourg 67000 France
9 Bon app’ Laurence Lebihans 12, rue des Bouchers Marseille 13008 France
11 B’s Beverages Victoria Ashworth Fauntleroy Circus London EC2 5NT UK
16 Consolidated Holdings Elizabeth Brown Berkeley Gardens 12 Brewery London WX1 6LT UK
17 Drachenblut Delikatessend Sven Ottlieb Walserweg 21 Aachen 52066 Germany
18 Du monde entier Janine Labrune 67, rue des Cinquante Otages Nantes 44000 France
19 Eastern Connection Ann Devon 35 King George London WX3 6FW UK

 

The following SQL statement selects all customers that are NOT located in “Germany”, “France” or “UK”:

Example

SELECT * FROM Customers
WHERE Country NOT IN (‘Germany’, ‘France’, ‘UK’);

 

Output

Number of Records: 8

CustomerID CustomerName ContactName Address City PostalCode Country
2 Ana Trujillo Emparedados y helados Ana Trujillo Avda. de la Constitución 2222 México D.F. 05021 Mexico
3 Antonio Moreno Taquería Antonio Moreno Mataderos 2312 México D.F. 05023 Mexico
5 Berglunds snabbköp Christina Berglund Berguvsvägen 8 Luleå S-958 22 Sweden
8 Bólido Comidas preparadas Martín Sommer C/ Araquil, 67 Madrid 28023 Spain
10 Bottom-Dollar Marketse Elizabeth Lincoln 23 Tsawassen Blvd. Tsawassen T2F 8M4 Canada
12 Cactus Comidas para llevar Patricio Simpson Cerrito 333 Buenos Aires 1010 Argentina
13 Centro comercial Moctezuma Francisco Chang Sierras de Granada 9993 México D.F. 05022 Mexico
14 Chop-suey Chinese Yang Wang Hauptstr. 29 Bern 3012 Switzerland

 

The following SQL statement selects all customers that are from the same countries as the suppliers:

Example

SELECT * FROM Customers
WHERE Country IN (SELECT Country FROM Suppliers);

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