Parts Of Speech
- The parts of speech describes how one must use various terms in constructing an English sentence without errors. The following are the parts of speech:
- All the words in English language can be placed under one of the eight parts of speech.
The eight parts of speech are:
- Noun: A naming word.
Eg. Chennai, Gupta, computer, hope
- Pronoun: A word that is used instead of a noun.
Eg. I, we, you, us, they, anybody, somebody
- Verb: An action word.
Eg. Run, sleep, speak, think, learn.
- Adjective: A word that describes a noun.
Eg. City – word, beautiful city; beautiful is a describing word; this describing word is adjective.
- Adverb: A word that gives us information about a verb.
Eg. He spoke politely.
The word ‘politely’ tells us how he spoke. It describes an action. It is an adverb.
- Preposition: Words like “in”, “into”, “on” etc.
Eg. He came into the room.
- Conjuction: A word that links word or sentences.
Eg. Because, but, and.
- Interjection: Words or phrases that express strong feelings or emotions.
Eg. Oh God! , Damn it! , Oh nice! , Great!
Names of individual persons, places and things.
Eg. John smith, thirupathi, the white house.
Names of classes of things.
Eg. Man, child, horse, car etc.
Names of groups of things.
Eg. A group of monkeys – a troop of monkeys.
A large group of people – a crowd, mob.
A group of members – a committee.
Names of ideas, concepts, state of mind/heart.
Eg. Honesty, cowardice, confusion, love, wisdom, courage.
Names of materials.
Eg. Iron, gold, wood.
Kinds of Pronouns
I, we, you, he, she, it, they.
Eg. I don’t smoke.
She is beautiful.
Me, us, you, him, her, it, them.
Eg. We gave them some money.
He gave it a kick.
Mine, ours, yours, his, hers, theirs.
Eg. The key is mine.
The responsibility is theirs.
Myself, ourselves, yourself, yourselves, himself, herself, themselves, itself.
Eg. I learnt hindi myself.
He located the house himself.
Used like this, the pronouns mean without anybody’s help. Here the pronouns are called emphatic pronouns.
Eg. He hurt himself.
She almost killed herself.
The pronouns like himself, herself in such usage are called the reflexive pronouns.
Somebody, someone, anybody, anyone, anything,nobody, no one, none, nothing, everybody, everyone, everything, all, any,some, few,a few, little, a little, both, either, neither.
Eg. Both knew what would happen.
All are happy.
Kinds of Adjectives
Quality of a person:
Eg. Affectionate uncle
Nature of a Place:
Eg. Narrow road
Quality of things:
Eg. Fresh vegetables
Variety of information:
Eg. Dark night
Moods and feelings of people:
Eg. Angry man
End with ‘ing’:
Eg. Charming girl
Colour of something:
Eg. Blue car
Two types of verbs:
- Regular verbs(weak verb)
- Irregular verbs(strong verb)
These verbs take ‘d’ or ‘ed’ for past forms.
These verbs do not take ‘d’ or ‘ed’ in the past.
Kinds of adverbs
Adverbs of manner:
Eg. The train moves slowly
He sing melodiously
Adverbs of place:
Eg. He sing at the Nehru stadium
He left the keys on the table
Adverbs of time:
Eg. He sang last night
He left at 5 am
A group of words used with a preposition is called a prepositional phrase.
Eg. In Mumbai
Out of order
It is a words that join or link sentences.
Eg. He went late to office.
He missed the bus.